Hip-hop feminism

Hip-hop feminism is loosely defined as young feminists born after 1964 who approach the political community with a mixture of feminist and hip-hop sensibilities. It shares many similarities with black feminism and third wave feminism, but is a distinct self-identification that carries its own weight and creates its own political spaces. Throughout Third-wave feminism, many constructs were destabilized, including the notions of “universal womanhood,” body, gender, sexuality, and heteronormativity.
Hip-hop feminism was created by feminists who felt that black feminism was not equipped to consider the issues of women belonging to the hip-hop generation. The term Hip Hop Feminism was coined by the provocative cultural critic Joan Morgan in 1999 when she published the book “When Chickenheads Come Home to Roost: A Hip Hop Feminist Breaks it Down.”
Hip hop feminism is based in a tradition of black feminism, which emphasizes that the personal is political because our race, class, gender, and sexuality determine how we are treated. An important idea that came out of early black feminism is that of intersectionality, which T. Hasan Johnson describes in his book You Must Learn! A Primer in the Study of Hip Hop Culture as “a term that argues that race, gender, sexuality, and class are interlinked and used to shape hierarchical relationships in American society”. Hip hop feminism is a different kind of feminism than “traditional” feminism; it is a way of thinking and living that is grounded in different lived experiences than the “traditional” feminism of the Women’s Liberation Movement, which was a mostly white movement and was more interested in advancing women’s rights than civil rights. The Hip-Hop feminism movement gained traction primarily because there was no avenue for young black women. As human rights activist, Shani Jamila states in her book, Can I Get a Witness, “As women of the hip-hop generation we need a feminist consciousness that allows us to examine how representations and images can be simultaneously empowering and problematic.” Many female rappers, such as Queen Latifah, embody and convey feminism, yet she does not identify as a feminist because “it is considered too white, too middle class, and too hostile to black men. Some writers locate Latifah’s story in “Third Wave” feminism, as representing a race-conscious, sexually open feminism that rejects Second Wave white feminist elitism and racism, and also black sexism and homophobia”. The Second wave of feminism unfolded in the context of the anti-war and civil rights movements due to the growing self-consciousness of minority groups around the world.As many women and men involved in hip hop culture are not white, they will have a different way of viewing the world; a desire for intersectional change in the spheres of how both women and non-white people are treated in America.
In the book Hip Hop’s Inheritance: From the Harlem Renaissance to the Hip Hop Feminist Movement Reiland Rabaka explains, “women in the hip hop generation have consistently deconstructed and reconstructed feminism and womanism to speak to the special needs of their life-worlds and life-struggles, their unique lived-experiences and lived-endurances. In the process they have produced an unprecedented form of feminism—a “functional feminism,” according to Morgan (1999), that is ‘committed to “keeping it real”’ with respect to the critique of interlocking and overlapping nature of sexism, racism, and capitalism in the lives of black and other nonwhite women’ (pp. 61–62). Seeming to simultaneously embrace and reject the fundamentals of feminism, the women of the hip hop generation, like the hip hop generation in general goedkope truien, have blurred the lines between the ‘personal’ and the ‘political’ by critically dialoguing with a culture that commonly renders them invisible or grossly misrepresents them when and where they are visible”.
Later in the chapter, Rabaka explains the connection between media, hip hop, feminism, and intersectionality: “Hip hop feminists critically comprehend that mass media interpretations of hip hop, as well as the mass media’s widely disseminated distorted stories about hip hop, are actually part and parcel of the ongoing social construction and maintenance of race, gender, class, sexuality, nationality, and other identities. All of this is to say, hip hop feminism is much more than feminism, and it focuses on more than feminist issues, misogyny, and patriarchy. Hip hop feminists use hip hop culture as one of their primary points of departure to highlight serious social issues and the need for political activism aimed at racism, sexism, capitalism, and heterosexism as overlapping and interlocking systems of oppression […] hip hop feminists are simultaneously expanding the range and uses of intersectional theory and complicating what it means to be both a hip hopper and a feminist”.

In “Using [Living Hip-Hop] Feminism: Redefining an Answer (to) Rap longchamp bags outlet,” Aisha Durham defines hip-hop feminism as “a socio-cultural, intellectual and political movement grounded in the situated knowledge of women of color from the post civil rights generation who recognize culture as a pivotal site for political intervention to challenge, resist, and mobilize collectives to dismantle systems of exploitation.”
She goes on to further expand on hip-hop feminism as a distinct movement aimed at examining and engaging with the effect culture has on shaping black female identity, sexuality, and feminisms.
According to Durham, hip-hop feminism “acknowledges the way black womanhood is policed in popular culture . . .” and “recognize culture as a space for feminist intervention—especially when we do not wield power in traditional politics.”
Hip-hop feminism is different from traditional feminism, according to Julian Sonny’s article How Feminism in Hip-Hop Could Bring Real Chances To A Sexist Industry, because the gender equality goals that artists attempt to achieve is on a more cultural level to make space in a scene where they may be rejected from and objectified against.
“Hip-hop feminism is not a novelty act surfing atop the third wave of difference in the academy. It is not a pinup for postfeminism put forth by duped daughters who dig misogynistic rap music and the girl-power pussy politic of empowerment. Hip-hop gains its popularity from its oppositionality and from its complicity in reproducing dominant representations of black womanhood.”
Hip-hop feminism acknowledges the problematic, misogynist nature of culture and its formative effects on women (especially young black women) and empowers them by enabling participation, response, and owning self-identification.
“For some, the term “hip-hop feminism” offers up quite the enigma. Critics position misogyny as hip-hop’s cardinal sin, which raises the obvious question: How do women actively participate in a culture that seems to hate them so vehemently? For self-described hip-hop feminists, attempting to answer that question is not their only task, since understanding what hip-hop feminism is and isn’t goes far beyond responding to women-bashing sentiment.”
Hip-hop feminism can be influential towards social change. Trevor B. Lindsey in his scholarly article Let Me Blow Your Mind: Hip Hop Feminist Futures in Theory and Praxis, demonstrates that Hip-hop feminism can be used as an explanation for social justice and as a practice in education because it covers a broad spectrum of minorities and their lived experiences which can combat the conception of hip-hop being for Blacks and males.
The mediums for initiating social change are growing, and hip hop is one of those mediums. Rabaka observes that “the majority of hip hop feminist mobilization at the present moment seems to emerge from cyber-social networks, mass media, and popular culture, rather than nationally networked women’s organizations based in government, academic, or male-dominated leftist bureaucracies”; as a result, music videos, which appeal to popular culture, can be disseminated as mass media through cyber-social networks, making them a perfect platform for motivating change. Abiola Abrams, an author and inspirational speaker who has appeared on BET and MTV represents a more mainstream voice in hip hop feminism. Her hip hop feminist play “Goddess City” produced at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture and 2007 debut novel Dare, a love story retelling of Faust set in the hip hop world, are key works fusing hip hop culture with women’s empowerment.
T. Hasan Johnson believes hip hop can work as an intersectional platform: “Hip-Hop can be the site whereby such meditations and re-evaluations can occur, offering participants the opportunity to re-imagine masculinities and femininities in a multitude of ways to suit a variety of contexts”. Rabaka explains out the way in which creative mediums such as hip hop can be used to wreck the interlocking systems of oppression in America: “The point is to offer the women of the hip hop generation feminist and womanist alternatives to the patriarchal (mis)representations of womanhood spewing out of the US. culture industries. As Gwendolyn Pough (2004) pointed out, because hip hop’s sexism is so prevalent, and because there is only so long that the women of the hip hop generation can embrace either the super-strong black woman or video vixen identities, hip hop feminists have “found ways to deal with these issues within the larger public sphere and the counter-public sphere of hip hop by bringing wreck to stereotyped images through their continued use of expressive culture’”. Whether they meant to or not, “the women of the hip hop generation have created a body of work that offers up feminist or womanist answers to many of the hip hop generation’s most urgent interpersonal, cultural, social, and political issues” and “recent feminist scholarship suggests that in its own controversial and/or contradictory way the hip-hop feminist movement may very well be the most politically polyvocal and socially visible manifestation of the ongoing evolution of the Women’s Liberation movement prevalent in contemporary US society”.
Imani Perry references Cade Bambara who “asks us to consider the use of metaphors, themes ted baker online, and other ritualized structures to create meaning in American film” Free People Dress Lace. She quotes, There is the conventional cinema that masks its ideological imperatives as entertainment and normalizes the hegemony with the term “convention,” that is to say the cinematic practices — of editing, particular uses of narrative structure, the development of genres, the language of spatial relationships, particular performatory styles of acting — are called conventions because they are represented somehow to be transcendent or universal, when in fact these practices are based on a history of imperialism and violence.
Perry notes that “when it comes to feminist messages, often the words and language of a hip hop song may have feminist content, but the visual image may be implicated in the subjugation of black women” and points out “the tensions between text and visual image in women’s hip hop”. Hip Hop feminism and the objectification of the black female body in music videos has also become a subject of visual art, exemplified in artist Michelle Marie Charles’s 2012 video Explicit and Deleted, which was included in the 2013 exhibition at the Cue Art Foundation Goddess Clap Back: Hip Hop Feminism in Art, curated by Katie Cercone and featuring artists such as Damali Abrams, Kalup Linzy, Narcissister, Rashaad Newsome, Noelle Lorraine Williams and Hank Willis Thomas.
Callia Hargrove in “What Hip-Hop Taught Me About Feminism” references how hip-hop feminist icon Nicki Minaj empowers her audience by being herself without restraint. She cites her music video “Anaconda.” Nicki Minaj states in response to the video, “I wanted to create a song that embraced curvy women. I wanted to be sexual but be playful with it”(qtd. in Hargrove).
However, there are some opportunities for women to resist a Hip-Hop video culture that simply fetishizes their bodies and limit them to what Rana A. Emerson calls a “One-Dimensional Womanhood”. This resistance became extremely prevalent in the 1990s with artists like Erykah Badu, Missy Elliott, and Lauryn Hill. Rather than conforming to this hyper-sexualized, and powerless image these women used their music videos to challenge these heteronormative and patriarchal motifs, by asserting their independence and strength.

Noble High School (Maine)

Noble High School is a public high school in North Berwick, Maine serving students in grades 8-12 from the towns of Berwick, North Berwick, and Lebanon. NOBLE is an acronym for the three towns that NHS serves (NOrth Berwick, Berwick, and LEbanon). Noble High School is a member of the Coalition of Essential Schools.

Noble High school was designed to promote small learning communities. NHS is organized so that the school is divided into two unique schools, or academies. Each academy has three teams, and each academy serves grades 8-12. Each academy is identical in structure and core classes offered. The two academies are structured in the following way:
To graduate from Noble High School, students are required to 24.5 credits in the following subject areas: Math (5); English (5); Science (4); Social Studies (3), Fine Arts (1); Physical Education (1); Health (1); and Other Electives (4.5). Students must also complete 60 hours of community service. At the end of each year, students must complete an end of year exhibition. Freshmen participate in the Round Table, Sophomores participate in the Gateway, Juniors participate in the Pathway, and Seniors complete a Senior Project. At Noble High School, a failing grade is 74% or lower.
Noble offers many classes to students. French, Spanish, Chinese and Latin are offered as world languages. 15 AP Classes are offered: AP Language and Composition

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, AP Literature and Composition, AP Calculus, AP Statistics, AP Biology hermes birkin, AP Physics, AP French, AP U ferragamo shoes.S. History, AP U.S. Government, AP Studio Art, AP Computer Science, AP Chemistry, AP Environmental Science, AP US History, and AP World History. Noble also participates in the Sanford Regional Technical Center, where 15 trades are offered.
From 1969-2001, Noble High School was located at what is presently Noble Middle School. For the 32 years that NHS was located at this site, the school served the three towns. This site was suitable for a period, but as populations increased within the towns, NHS became very overcrowded. The school was designed for about 550 students, but by 1995 there were over 900 students in the school. As well as overcrowding issues, the facility was very outdated, and did not accommodate the needs of the school. Due to the surrounding area, there was also a need for community facility to serve the rural towns in the district. Pam Fisher, former NHS principal was very involved in the process of creating a new school. A committee of community members was created to plan for the new school. The design of the school was highly influenced by the Principles of MSAD 60, and the Coalition of Essential Schools. The school opened in 2001.
Noble High School was designed not only as a school, but a community hub, for the three rural towns it serves. Within the walls of the facility, there are many opportunities for community events to proliferate. The 1000 seat Hussey Theatre, which has been used for theatrical productions, town meetings, and other events that require the use of the theatre. The School also has a 50-seat restaurant, named the Round Table. This functions as a part of the regional vocational program, where students learn to cook, and operate a restaurant open to the community. Noble also has an early childhood education center that serves eight surrounding towns. The center is also part of the vocational program, and students learn about the fundamentals of childhood education. NHS is also home to Noble Adult & Community Education. Other facilities such as the library/media center, fitness facility, 2 gymnasiums, and a lecture hall are all available to be used by the community.
Noble High School has won many awards for the architecture of the building. NHS has received 13 awards for the design and functionality of the building

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. In 2002, the building was awarded the William W. Caudill Citation Award.
Noble offers many sports to students:
Fall Sports:
Winter Sports:
Spring Sports:
Noble has won numerous state school sports championships.
Runner Up
Sportsmanship Awards This award recognizes high schools sports teams that exemplify good sportsmanship.
Noble Has Many Extracurricular activities available to students:
NHS teachers have been honored for their teaching skills.

SS India (1896)

SS India was a steam passenger liner operated by the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company (P&O) between 1896 and 1915.
India was the first of five sister ships built for P&O, the others being the Persia, China, Egypt and Arabia 2016 Adidas fotball utstyr online. India was the largest ship built for P&O at the time.
Built by Caird & Company of Greenock, Scotland rabatt Puma fotballsko cleats utløp 2016, she was launched on 15 April 1896 and entered service later that year, operating on P&O’s route between Britain 2016 Adidas fotball utstyr online, India and Australia Billige Nike Fotball Jerseys online 2016. In 1900 she became the first ship to use P&O’s new harbour facilities at Fremantle. She initially remained in service with P&O after the outbreak of the First World War, and carried Admiral Doveton Sturdee from Gibraltar back to England after the Battle of the Falkland Islands.
She was hired by the Admiralty on 13 March 1915 and was used as an armed merchant cruiser, serving in the 10th Cruiser Squadron. On 8 August that year she stopped off Helligvær, near Bodø, Norway, to investigate a suspected blockade runner, and was torpedoed by SM U-22. India’s sinking caused the deaths of her 160 men. The surviving 22 officers and 119 men were taken to Narvik.

Florent Vintrigner

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Florent Vintrigner est un auteur, compositeur, chanteur, accordéoniste bogner france 2016, guitariste, harmoniciste et parolier français, membre du groupe La Rue Kétanou.
Après l’enregistrement en public du troisième album de la Rue Ketanou Ouvert à double tour en 2003, les trois complices décident de renouer avec leurs projets personnels entamés quelques années auparavant. Florent Vintrigner commence à tourner avec le répertoire qui nourrira son premier album solo T’inquiète Lazare. Dès lors robe sandro, leurs projets personnels et la Rue Ketanou ne cessent de s’entrelacer et de s’alterner. Florent a travaillé aux chansons de son album L’Homme préhistorique dans la foulée de celles de l’album A contresens de la Rue Kétanou, et enregistré entre sa propre tournée et celle du groupe. Après deux résidences où ils répétaient les nouvelles chansons la journée et jouaient en concert le soir suivront 16 jours d’enregistrement avec Sébastien Bennett aux guitares, Jean-Louis Cianci à la contrebasse, Jean-Baptiste Maillet à la batterie Sandro Outlet. Florent Vintrigner signe un album dans lequel on entend clairement l’écho de notre monde actuel – les migrations du désespoir 2016 soccer jerseys vente, la précarité, la crise du logement maillots adidas en ligne, les figures contemporaines de l’amour.

Sale Football Club

The Sale Football Club, nicknamed the Magpies 2016 lågpris Nike fotbollsskor, is an Australian rules football club from Sale, Victoria which compete in the Gippsland Football League (GFL).
Founded in 1877, Sale began playing official competitive football in 1889 when they joined the Gippsland Football Association, as a junior side. In 1900, the club entered the senior competition and were premiers for the first time the following year.
One of the greatest players produced by the club, Brownlow Medal winner Norm Ware, came to Footscray from Sale in the 1930s 2016 lågpris Nike fotbollsskor.
Sale were a foundation member of the Latrobe Valley Football League in 1954. They were the dominant team in the early years of the competition, with four premierships in the first six seasons 2016 Puma fotbollsskor på nätet. More recently, Sale defeated Maffra to win the 2012 grand final 2016 lågpris Nike fotbollsskor.

Gippsland Football Association/League
Latrobe Valley Football League
West Gippsland Latrobe Football League
Gippsland Football League
Most games
Most Best & Fairest
Most goals in a game
Most goals in a season
Highest score

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Sophia is Emma’s husband, Both Sophia and Emma are English teachers who teach in a middle school, although they have stable wages about two thousand Yuan per month, they are neither rich nor poor.
Emma is a considerate woman, she would not compare with others, or she feel poorer than others, then believed that her husband is useless. She never does such stupid things. At the same time, Sophia knows she is really a good wife. They two lead a happy life.
They walk together every morning, do some exercise such as playing table tennis every weekend. When Emma was not feeling well, he will look after her carefully. As we all know, teachers have more free time. So Sophia often cook for Emma or help her do some housework, which make Emma feel that she was the most happiest woman in the world.
One day, Emma said that she did not go shopping for a long time and told him to go with her. He readily agreed to her. Getting something ready, they set out happily. Interestingly, as they passed the shop that sold HERVE LEGER DRESSES. Emma picked one of skirts which had special style that she liked very much. She was very excited and hoped Sophia to buy for her. When Sophia saw the price they sold, he was shocked, because it is higher that his expectations. It was two thoundsand Yuan.
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Into the Skyline

Into the Skyline is the second studio album by English dance artist Cathy Dennis. It was released in May 1992. Written with an aim toward the U.S. market. The album featured the singles “You Lied to Me”, “Irresistible”, “Moments of Love,” “Falling”, and “Why” – the latter was credited to D Mob with Cathy Dennis. The album got to #8 in the UK Album Chart

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, whilst in the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, “You Lied to Me” was a Top 40 hit, and “Irresistible” made the Adult Contemporary Top Ten; however, the album descended the chart rapidly. Dennis experienced a brief peak of fame, making a cameo in “Beverly Hills, 90210” singing the song “Moments of Love” (a minor U.S. Adult Contemporary chart hit), “Why” (in the episode, without D Mob) and “Touch Me (All Night Long)”

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.

Standard CD Version
Japanese CD Version Into The Skyline + 1/POCP-1405
The Japanese edition had a second release of the album, which was called Into the Skyline +1, and featured three extra tracks: “Nothing Moves Me”, a previous B-side, and “It’s My Style” was released as singles.
In the UK, a limited release had a second cd with remixes of move to this (same track listing ‘Everybody Move To The Mixes’)
Management – Simon Fuller (2) Mixed By – Cathy Dennis (tracks: 7, 9 to 11), Shep Pettibone (tracks: 1 to 4) Producer – Cathy Dennis (tracks: 1, 3 to 12), Shep Pettibone (tracks: 1, 3 to 12) Programmed By, Keyboards – Scott Davidson (tracks: 5, 9 to 11) Sequenced By, Keyboards, Programmed By – Shep Pettibone (tracks: 1, 3, 6 to 8, 12), Tony Shimkin (tracks: 1, 3, 6 to 8, 12)
Cover Version In 1993, Hong Kong singer Vivian Lai covered “Irresistible” in Cantonese.