Culture mongole

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Cet article traite des divers aspects de la culture mongole, en Mongolie, en Mongolie intérieure et sur les marges des pays limitrophes.

L’animisme et le chamanisme sont les plus anciennes religions mongoles, elles sont encore très actives aujourd’hui et on imprégnée le bouddhisme, religion d’État entre le XVe siècle et le début du XX et depuis les années 1990, dans ce que l’on appelle le chamanisme jaune. Dans les Mongolies, les Mongols bouriates et les Toungouses evenks pratiquent davantage les chamanismes anciens que le chamanisme jaune.

Les croyances animistes sont très vives en Mongolie. Longtemps réprimées sous l’ère soviéto-communiste, les traditions chamanistes et les chamans, hommes et femmes, ont refait leur apparition depuis le milieu des années 1990. Toutes les tribus nomades tentent de vivre en osmose avec la nature.

L’imaginaire et la culture chamanique sont omniprésents dans la tradition orale des mongols.

Le Nestorianisme est apparu assez tôt en Mongolie, c’était la religion de Sorgaqtani beqi, la mère de Möngke et Kubilai Khan, deux Khagans de l’Empire mongol, et petits-fils de Gengis Khan.

On trouve de nombreuses mosquées dans les régions mongoles, mais elles sont davantage fréquentées par les Kazakhs (Ouest de la Mongolie et de la Mongolie-Intérieure, Nord du Xinjiang dans l’ancienne Dzoungarie) ou par les Hui (mongolie-Intérieure (Hohot, Ordos), Qinghai/Khokhonuur, (Xining)) et Ouïghour (Hohhot).

La religion officielle imposée de la Mongolie est le bouddhisme tibétain, une forme distinctive de Vajrayana. Le bouddhisme tibétain est pratiqué dans de nombreuses région de Chine, non seulement au Tibet, mais aussi en Mongolie-Intérieure, à Pékin (la majorité des temples bouddhistes de Pékin pratiquent le bouddhisme tibétain), et dans les provinces chinoises su Shanxi, Shaanxi Red Bandage Dress, Hebei, Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan. Il est également pratiqué en Mongolie et dans différentes Républiques de la fédération de Russie, comme en République de Bouriatie, République de Touva, ou encore République de Kalmoukie papaya enzyme meat tenderizer.

Altan Khan (1507-1582) rétablit les liens entre la Mongolie et les chefs religieux du Tibet. Il crée et offre le titre de dalaï-lama (« Océan de Sagesse ») à Sonam Gyatso, chef du courant réformateur Guélougpa, titre qui est appliqué rétrospectivement à ses deux prédécesseurs(Gedun Drub et Gedun Gyatso). Il invite deux fois Sonam Gyatso, le troisième dalaï-lama, en Mongolie (1569, 1578) et se convertit au bouddhisme tibétain durant la seconde visite du lama.

Pendant la période communiste, et surtout en 1939, les monastères bouddhistes sont vandalisés ou détruits totalement.

Les symboles de la Mongolie sont :

La yourte est la principale image de l’habitat mongol. démontable et montable en quelques dizaines de minutes, elle est adaptée à la vie traditionnellement nomade des peuples mongols. Les différentes cultures utilisent cependant différentes formes d’habitat. Le tipi est utilisé par les peuples toungouses, proches des mongols, dans l’Est des régions mongoles, notamment par les Evenkis.

Aujourd’hui, on trouve dans les grandes villes de Mongolie comme de Mongolie-Intérieure une majorité d’immeubles collectifs de plusieurs étages en dur.

Dans les steppes de Mongolie-Intérieure et des hauts-plateaux du Qinghai, il existe également de nombreux habitats en forme de yourtes, mais faits de brique et ciment.

À Oulan-Bator, de nombreux sédentaires ont choisi des maisons individuelles utilisant des yourtes, mais entourées de palissades, à l’image des pavillons des villes occidentales.

La médecine traditionnelle mongole est une médecine basée sur les plantes, elle est réputée dans l’ensemble de la Chine et notamment au Tibet. L’Université de médecine de Mongolie-Intérieure (zh) (内蒙古医科大学) à ouvert en 1956 à Hohhot.

Les trois sports nationaux pratiqués lors des festivités du nouvel an sont :

Au fil de l’histoire les langues mongoles ont utilisé plusieurs écritures. Les Köktürks, des turco-mongols (proto-mongols ?) utilisaient l’alphabet de l’Orkhon, on a trouvé des traces de cette écriture sous forme de pétroglyphes, surtout dans la vallée de l’Orkhon, en Mongolie. Elle était surtout utilisée pour noter le Köktürk.

L’écriture mongole qui a été le plus longuement utilisée dans l’histoire est le mongol bichig, utilisée au moins depuis l’époque de Gengis Khan et tirée de l’alphabet ouïghour flat meat mallet.

Sous la dynastie Yuan, l’Écriture phags-pa a été une écriture officielle pendant environ un siècle, elle est tombée en désuétude avec la chute de la dynastie.

Différentes autres écritures comme le soyombo sont restées marginales dans leur utilisation.

Les artisans de Mongolie produisent et vendent aux touristes :

La musique mongole est un élément important de la société traditionnelle mongole, et les Mongols pensent qu’elle appelle la bonne fortune. Les chants sont chantés n’importe où, pour passer le temps, bercer les bébés, porter chance lors des célébrations nationales ou encore encourager les enfants à étudier. La musique est également jouée avec de nombreux instruments traditionnels ; soit en accompagnement des chansons ou danses, soit en tant que telle.

Les premiers instruments de musique utilisés en Mongolie étaient des percussions, comme on peut s’en apercevoir sur les pétroglyphes hérités de cette époque. Les Huns utilisaient des tambours, cors, flûtes, pi-pa (sortes de mandoline) et des instruments à cordes que l’on faisait vibrer grâce à un arc. Durant l’époque de l’État de Sianbe (IIIe et IVe siècles), 80 types d’instruments étaient joués à la cour du roi lors de célébrations importantes. Il est notoire que Koubilaï Khan employait 412 musiciens professionnels.

Les principaux instruments associés à l’art folklorique mongol sont de nos jours, le Dombra, le khuuchir, le limbe, le morin khuur, le shanz, le yatga et le yochin.

Le khöömii est un chant diphonique lyrique et puissant qui requiert du chanteur qu’il génère deux notes à la fois. Il est accompagné au luth et à la vièle à tête de cheval(morin khuur).

Le programme Patrimoine mondial (UNESCO, 1971) a inscrit dans sa liste du Patrimoine mondial (au 12/01/2016) : Liste du patrimoine mondial en Mongolie waterproof container for swimming.

Le programme Patrimoine culturel immatériel (UNESCO, 2003) a inscrit dans sa liste représentative du patrimoine culturel immatériel de l’humanité (au 12/01/2016) :

Le programme Mémoire du monde (UNESCO, 1992) a inscrit dans son registre international Mémoire du monde (au 15/01/2016) :

L’historien français Jean-Paul Roux a écrit de nombreux livres sur l’histoire et la culture mongole, dont :

Sur les autres projets Wikimedia :

David Myles (musician)

David Myles (born May 12, 1981) is a Canadian songwriter/performer/recording artist originally from Fredericton, New Brunswick. Myles lives in Halifax, Nova Scotia. His music has often been labeled folk jazz, although he prefers simply to call it “roots” music. An independent artist who self-releases his albums, Myles has been able to gain an increasingly large audience, in part because of his active touring schedule and in part because of his cross-genre musical collaborations, which include a single made with the rapper Classified that became the biggest-selling rap single in the history of Canadian music.

Myles is married to CBC radio producer Nina Corfu. They have two young daughters.

While growing up in Fredericton, Myles began playing trumpet at 10 years old and played in school bands. He attended Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick and graduated in 2003 with a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in political science. He was in China as a foreign exchange student in 2001 when he bought his first guitar. He has said that learning to play the guitar and write songs was what propelled him to become a professional musician.

Myles released his first album, Together and Alone, in 2005. Before it was released, he relocated to Calgary, Alberta. He returned to the Maritimes in 2006, moving to Halifax. There he released his second album, Things Have Changed, which exposed him to national and international audiences. The album earned him industry recognition in the form of two Music Nova Scotia Awards, as well as nominations for both the 2007 Canadian Folk Music Best New Artist Award and the East Coast Music Awards Galaxie Rising Star Recording of the Year. His original song, “When it Comes My Turn,” took home first place in the International Songwriting Competition and was the winning song at the 2008 Chris Austin Merlefest Songwriting Contest.

In May 2008, Myles released his third solo project, On the Line, which demonstrates his vocal versatility and musical dexterity. On the Line is a powerful and stylish blend of jazz, blues, gospel, pop and folk influences that has garnered awards and nominations, including the 2009 ECMA Folk Recording of the Year Award.

In May 2009, Myles was awarded the Mount Allison University Contemporary Achievement Award from the University’s Alumni Association. It is presented to a recent graduate for “outstanding achievement”.

Myles was one of thirteen songwriters chosen in the first-ever CBC Radio 2 Great Canadian Song Quest in 2009. He was chosen to represent New Brunswick by a public vote, and commissioned to write a song about the Bay of Fundy’s historic Hopewell Rocks. He recorded a new song, “Don’t Drive Through,” for the contest. Asked about the song, Myles said, “I wanted this tune to really resonate with New Brunswickers. Don’t Drive Through is a lighthearted song that relates to the idea of driving through the province. I tried to create a song that I could sing forever, not just record as part of CBC’s Canadian songbook, and I think I have.”

In 2010, he performed at the Canadian Deep Roots Music Festival in Wolfville, Nova Scotia. as well as other locations such as Granville Green in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. In December, he played for four nights at The Carleton Music Bar in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Unbeknownst to him, the music bar’s sound technician recorded the performances, capturing relaxed live shows. Those recordings became the source for his next album, Live at The Carleton.

In 2011, he received five nominations in the East Coast Music Awards and was nominated for a Music New Brunswick award. He played at the Harvest Jazz and Blues Festival in Fredericton, New Brunswick. He released two albums, Live at The Carleton and Into The Sun (October, 2011). Into the Sun uses world music rhythms from Brazilian and African music.

In the same year, Nova Scotia rapper Classified featured Myles on the song “The Day Doesn’t Die” from his album Handshakes and Middle Fingers. Although he was left uncredited in some cases, this song gained him more exposure in the hip-hop world as well as a larger fan base the best way to tenderize a steak.

In 2013, Myles and Classified reunited for the single “Inner Ninja” from the album Classified. The single went triple platinum in Canada and won a Juno Award, and is the biggest-selling rap single in Canadian history.

Also in 2013, Myles released the double album In the Nighttime, on which he gave each of his two separate performing personas (mellow and jazz-influenced on the one hand, beat-oriented and pop-influenced on the other) its own disc of music.

In 2014, Myles was a ‘Featured Musician’ on the YouTube channel of The Great Canadian Journey, a cross-country project that highlights local musicians toddler sports bottle, print artists, and culture. Also in 2014, Myles was nominated for six East Coast Music Awards (see “Awards and Achievements,” below).

In the fall of 2014, Myles released a Christmas album entitled It’s Christmas. The idea of the album suggested itself in part because of Myles’ annual “Singing For Supper” tour in Eastern Canada every December, which raises money and donates food for those in need. The concerts take place in a variety of shopping malls in New Brunswick. A portion of the sales of the It’s Christmas album continues to be donated to food banks where the album is for sale.

In January 2015, Myles was named Touring Artist of the Year at the CAPACOA (Canadian Arts Presenting Association) Awards for the 2013-14 season water bottle fanny pack running.

Myles released his first-ever US album, entitled So Far, in September 2015. The album contains stripped-down re-recordings of previously released songs, as a way of introducing his work to a new audience.

Saladin

Saladin (kurdisk: سەلاحەدینی ئەییووبی, Selahaddîn Eyûbî; arabisk: Salah ad-Din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub water bottle backpack running, صلاح الدين يوسف ابن ايوب; Salah ad-Din; fulde navn: al-Malik al-Nasir Salah al-Din Abu al-Muzaffer Yusuf ibn Ayyub ibn Shadi; født 1137 eller 1138, død 4. marts 1193) var en kurdisk muslimsk hærfører, der blev sultan i Egypten og Syrien og grundlagde Ayyubide-dynastiet. Han spillede en hovedrolle som leder af den muslimske modstand mod korsfarerne i Mellemøsten og generobrede Jerusalem i 1187. På sit højdepunkt omfattede hans sultanat Egypten, Syrien, Mesopotamien, Hijaz, Yemen og andre dele af Nordafrika.

Saladin har fået et meget positivt eftermæle i både den kristne og muslimske verden som en person, der er kendt for sin ridderlighed og barmhjertighed.

Saladin blev født i Tikrit i dagens Irak. Hans slægt var kurdisk, og hans onkel Shirkuh var en af Aleppos atabeg Nur ad-Dins generaler. Som ung mand blev Saladin i 1163 sendt til Egypten, der på det tidspunkt blev regeret af Fatimide-kalifatet, af sin lensherre Nur ad-Din. I Egypten steg han i graderne som følge af sin militære succes i kampen mod korsfarerne og sit nære forhold til kalif al-Adid. Da Saladins onkel døde i 1169, udråbte al-Adid den sunnimuslimske Saladin til vesir, hvilket var en sjældenhed i det shiitiske kalifat. Efter al-Adids død i 1171 overtog Saladin magten i Egypten, hvorfra han ledte ekspeditioner mod korsfarerne i Palæstina og iværksatte erobringen af Yemen.

Kort efter Nur ad-Dins død i 1174 førte Saladin personligt an i erobringen af Syrien, hvor han holdt et fredeligt indtog i Damaskus. Ved midten af 1175 havde Saladin erobret Hama og Homs og dermed påkaldt sig fjendskab fra sine tidligere overherrer fra Zengid-dynastiet. Han besejrede kort efter Zengidernes hær i et slag og blev derpå udråbt til sultan af Egypten og Syrien af abbaside-kaliffen al-Mustadi. Han fortsatte med nye erobringer i det nordlige Syrien og slap levende fra to attentater på sit liv af assasinerne, før han vendte tilbage til Egypten i 1177 for at tage sig af affærer der. I 1182 fuldendte han erobringen af Syrien ved at indtage Aleppo, men mislykkedes i at erobre Zengidernes tilholdssted Mosul.

Under Saladins personlige lederskab besejrede Ajjubidernes hær korsfarerne ved det afgørende slag ved Hattin i 1187, hvilket førte til den muslimske generobring af Palæstina fra korsfarerne, der havde erobret området 88 år tidligere. Selvom korsfarerriget Kongeriget Jerusalem fortsatte med at eksistere i endnu en periode, markerede dets nederlag ved Hattin et vendepunkt i konflikten mellem korsfarerne og muslimerne orange juicer manual.

Saladin er blevet en prominent person i muslimsk, arabisk, tyrkisk og kurdisk kultur. I 1193 døde han i Damaskus, hvor han er begravet i et mausoleum ved siden af Umayyade-moskéen.

I den vestlige verden har Saladin fået et udbredt ry som en ridderlig og generøs fyrste.

Saladin forsvandt næsten fra historien efter Middelalderen, men blev skildret i et sympatisk skær i Gotthold Ephraim Lessings skuespil Nathan den vise (1779) og i Sir Walter Scotts roman Talismanen (1825). Nutidens syn på Saladin stammer især fra disse to litterære tekster. Scotts fremstilling af Saladin er blevet beskrevet som “en moderne [dvs. 1800-tals] liberal europæisk gentleman, i forhold til hvilken middelalderlige vesterlændinge altid ville have gjort et dårligt indtryk.”

I 1898 besøgte den tyske kejser Wilhelm II Saladins grav for at vise sin respekt. Besøget førte i forbindelse med en generel anti-imperialistisk stemning nationalistiske arabere til at genopfinde Saladins image og fremstille ham som en helt i kampene mod Vesten. Den fremstilling af Saladin, de anvendte, var den heroiske figur, der var skabt af bl.a. Walter Scott. Det forandrede Saladins eftermæle fra en figur, der omtrent havde været glemt i den arabiske verden.

Selvom ajjubidedynastiet i Egypten, som Saladin grundlagde, kun eksisterede i 57 år efter hans død, er Saladins arv og eftermæle stadig en realitet i vore dage. Med opkomsten af den arabiske nationalisme i det 20. århundrede fik Saladins mod og lederskab ny betydning. Saladins generobring af Palæstina fra de europæiske korsfarere opfattedes som en stor inspiration for nutidens arabiske modstand mod zionismen. Desuden er prestigen og den forholdsvis samlede arabiske verden under Saladin blevet set som et perfekt symbol for den nye enhed, som nationalisterne som eksempelvis Gamal Abdel Nasser efterstræbte. Af denne årsag blev Saladins ørn symbol for det revolutionære Egypten, og blev senere overtaget som symbol af adskillige andre arabiske stater som Forenede Arabiske Emirater, Iraq water flask, Libyen, Palæstina og Yemen.

Saladin har siden 1923 været en figur i flere film, der foregår i middelalderen. Fra nyere tid kan nævnes: Kingdom of Heaven (2005), Arn: Tempelridderen (2007) og Arn: Riget ved vejens ende (2008).

Arisugawa-no-miya

The Arisugawa-no-miya (有栖川宮?) is one of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family of Japan which were, until 1947, eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne in the event that the main line should die out.

The Arisugawa-no-miya house was founded by Prince Yoshihito running with pack, seventh son of Emperor Go-Yōzei (d. 1638), and was originally named Takamatsu-no-miya. The house changed its name to Arisugawa-no-miya after its 2nd head, Prince Nagahito was elevated to the throne as Emperor Go-Sai.

The Arisugawa-no-miya house traditionally served as instructors in calligraphy and waka composition to successive generations of Emperors, but after the Meiji restoration played important roles in the early Japanese military.

The Arisugawa line ended early in the twentieth century when no male heirs remained. However, the Imperial Household Agency revived the original title of Takamatsu-no-miya for the third son of Emperor Taishō. The line again became extinct on Prince Takamatsu Nobuhito’s death, as he had no children.

In 2003, an impostor to the Arisugawa line appeared, and stole a great deal of money.

※In Imperial Household Law at that time, the house of an imperial prince was not admitted to be succeeded to by taking away the adopted son. Prince Nobuhito newly founded the Takamatsu-no-miya leak proof water jug. Therefore, Prince Nobuhito is not the eleventh generation but the first Takamatsu-no-miya.

Ghost in the Shell

Animated:

Live-action:

Ghost in the Shell (Japanese: 攻殻機動隊, Hepburn: Kōkaku Kidōtai?, “Mobile Armored Riot Police”) is a Japanese media franchise originally published as a seinen manga series of the same name written and illustrated by Masamune Shirow. The manga, first serialized in 1989 under the subtitle of The Ghost in the Shell, and later published as its own tankōbon volumes by Kodansha, told the story of the fictional counter-cyberterrorist organization Public Security Section 9, led by protagonist Major Motoko Kusanagi, in the mid-21st century of Japan.

Animation studio Production I.G has produced several different anime adaptations of Ghost in the Shell, starting with the 1995 film of the same name, telling the story of Section 9’s investigation of the Puppet Master. The television series Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex followed in 2002, telling an alternate story from the manga and first film, featuring Section 9’s investigations of government corruption in the Laughing Man and Individual Eleven incidents. A sequel to the 1995 film, Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence, was released on 2004 windmere clothes shaver. 2013 saw the start of the Ghost in the Shell: Arise original video animation (OVA) series, consisting of four parts through mid-2014. The series was recompiled in early 2015 as a television series titled Ghost in the Shell: Arise – Alternative Architecture, airing with an additional two episodes (one part). An animated feature film produced by most of the Arise staff, titled Ghost in the Shell: The New Movie, was released on June 20, 2015. A live-action American film of the same name was released on March 31, 2017.

Shirow has stated that he had always wanted the title of his manga to be Ghost in the Shell glass drinking bottles, even in Japan, but his original publishers preferred Mobile Armored Riot Police. He had chosen “Ghost in the Shell” in homage to Arthur Koestler’s The Ghost in the Machine, from which he also drew inspiration.

Primarily set in the mid-twenty-first century in the fictional Japanese city of Niihama, Niihama Prefecture (新浜県新浜市, Niihama-ken Niihama-shi?), otherwise known as New Port City (ニューポートシティ, Nyū Pōto Shiti?), the manga and the many anime adaptations follow the members of Public Security Section 9, a special-operations task-force made up of former military officers and police detectives. Political intrigue and counter-terrorism operations are standard fare for Section 9, but the various actions of corrupt officials, companies, and cyber-criminals in each scenario are unique and require the diverse skills of Section 9’s staff to prevent a series of incidents from escalating.

In this post-cyberpunk iteration of a possible future, computer technology has advanced to the point that many members of the public possess cyberbrains, technology that allows them to interface their biological brain with various networks. The level of cyberization varies from simple minimal interfaces to almost complete replacement of the brain with cybernetic parts, in cases of severe trauma. This can also be combined with various levels of prostheses, with a fully prosthetic body enabling a person to become a cyborg. The main character of Ghost in the Shell, Major Motoko Kusanagi, is such a cyborg, having had a terrible accident befall her as a child that ultimately required her to use a full-body prosthesis to house her cyberbrain. This high level of cyberization, however, opens the brain up to attacks from highly skilled hackers, with the most dangerous being those who will hack a person to bend to their whims.

The original Ghost in the Shell manga ran in Japan from April 1989 to November 1990 in Kodansha’s manga anthology Young Magazine, and was released in a tankōbon volume on October 5, 1991. Ghost in the Shell 2: Man-Machine Interface followed 1997 for 9 issues in Young Magazine, and was collected in the Ghost in the Shell: Solid Box on December 1, 2000. Four stories from Man-Machine Interface that were not released in tankobon format from previous releases were later collected in Ghost in the Shell 1.5: Human-Error Processor, and was published by Kodansha on July 23, 2003. Several art books have also been published for the manga.

Two animated films based on the original manga have been released, both directed by Mamoru Oshii and animated by Production I.G. Ghost in the Shell was released in 1995 and follows the “Puppet Master” storyline from the manga. It was re-released in 2008 as Ghost in the Shell 2.0 with new audio and updated 3D computer graphics in certain scenes real jerseys for cheap. Innocence, otherwise known as Ghost in the Shell 2: Innocence, was released in 2004, with its story based on a chapter from the first manga.

On September 5, 2014, it was revealed by Production I.G. that a new Ghost in the Shell animated film, Ghost in the Shell: The New Movie (攻殻機動隊 新劇場版) in Japanese, would be released in 2015 promising to show the “further evolution [of the series]”. On January 8, 2015, a short teaser trailer was revealed for the project unveiling a redesigned Major more closely resembling her appearance from the older films, and a plot following the Arise continuity of the franchise. The trailer listed Kazuya Nomura as the director, Kazuchika Kise as the general director and character designer

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, Toru Okubo as the animation director, Tow Ubukata as the screenplay writer and Cornelius as the composer. The film premiered on June 20, 2015, in Japanese theaters.

In 2008, DreamWorks and producer Steven Spielberg acquired the rights to produce a live-action film adaptation of the original Ghost in the Shell manga. On January 24, 2014, Rupert Sanders was announced as director, with a screenplay by William Wheeler. Principal photography on the film began on location in Wellington, New Zealand, on February 1, 2016. In April 2016, the full cast was announced, which included Juliette Binoche, Chin Han, Lasarus Ratuere and Kaori Momoi, and Scarlett Johansson in the lead role; the casting of Johansson drew accusations of whitewashing. Principal photography began in early 2016. Filming wrapped in June 2016.  Ghost in the Shell premiered in Tokyo on March 16, 2017, and was released in the United States on March 31, 2017, in 2D, 3D and IMAX 3D. It received mixed reviews, with praise for its visuals and Johansson’s performance but criticism for its script.”

In 2002, Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex premiered on Animax, presenting a new telling of Ghost in the Shell independent from the original manga, focusing on Section 9’s investigation of the Laughing Man hacker. It was followed in 2004 by a second season titled Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG, which focused on the Individual Eleven terrorist group. The primary storylines of both seasons were compressed into OVAs broadcast as Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex The Laughing Man in 2005 and Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex Individual Eleven in 2006. Also in 2006, Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex – Solid State Society, featuring Section 9’s confrontation with a hacker known as the Puppeteer, was broadcast, serving as a finale to the anime series. The extensive score for the series and its films was composed by Yoko Kanno.

In addition to the anime, a series of published books, two separate manga adaptations, and several video games for consoles and mobile phones have been released for Stand Alone Complex.

In 2013, a new iteration of the series titled Ghost in the Shell: Arise premiered, tackling an original look at the Ghost in the Shell world, set before the original manga. It was released as a series of four original video animation (OVA) episodes (with limited theatrical releases) from 2013 to 2014, then recompiled as a 10-episode television series under the title of Kōkaku Kidōtai: Arise – Alternative Architecture. An additional fifth OVA titled Pyrophoric Cult, originally premiering in the Alternative Architecture broadcast as two original episodes, were combined and released on August 26, 2015. Kazuchika Kise served as the chief director of the series, with Tow Ubukata as head writer. Cornelius was brought onto the project to compose the score for the series, with the Major’s new voice actress Maaya Sakamoto also providing vocals for certain tracks.

A manga adaptation was serialized in Kodansha’s Young Magazine, which started on March 13 and ended on August 26, 2013.

Ghost in the Shell was developed by Exact and released for the PlayStation on July 17, 1997, in Japan by Sony Computer Entertainment. It is a third-person shooter featuring an original storyline where the character plays a rookie member of Section 9. The video game’s soundtrack Megatech Body features various electronica artists.

Several video games were also developed to tie into the Stand Alone Complex television series, in addition to a first-person shooter by Nexon and Neople titled Ghost in the Shell: First Assault – Stand Alone Complex Online, released in 2016.

Bungie’s famous 2001 3rd-person shooter/platformer/action/adventure game Oni draws substantial inspiration from The Ghost in the Shell setting and characters.

Kodansha and Production I.G announced on April 7, 2017 that Kenji Kamiyama and Shinji Aramaki will be co-directing a new Ghost in the Shell anime production. Its format and release date haven’t been announced yet.

Vivienne Chow interprets the film adaptions as symbolizing Hong Kong as a struggling “ghost” seeking to preserve its identity in the wake of its transfer to China.

Ralls County

Ralls County er et fylke i den amerikanske delstaten Missouri.

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Ambassade d’Iran aux États-Unis

L’ambassade d’Iran aux États-Unis est la représentation diplomatique de l’Iran aux États-Unis avant la Révolution islamique et la crise des otages en 1979-80. Elle était située à Washington, la capitale du pays water jugs for sports.

Les bâtiments qui l’abritait sont situés au 3003-3005 Massachusetts Avenue, au cœur du quartier de Woodland Normanstone, dans le nord-ouest de Washington.

Le premier bâtiment de l’ambassade est construit en 1934 dans un style géorgien. En 1959, un second édifice plus imposant est construit à côté et abrite les services et les salons de réception de l’ambassade cependant que l’ancien demeure la résidence de l’ambassadeur football team jerseys.

Après l’instauration de la République islamique en 1979, les relations se tendent entre les deux pays. La crise des otages aggrave la situation et le 7 avril 1980, la rupture est consommée et l’ambassade fermée.

Une section d’intérêt de l’Iran, jouant de facto le rôle de représentation diplomatique, est abritée par l’ambassade du Pakistan à Washington. Quant aux bâtiments de l’ancienne ambassade, ils sont toujours la propriété de l’Iran et sont maintenus en l’état et entretenus par le département d’État américain.

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Matt Cusson

Matt Cusson is a contemporary jazz artist whose musicical array features a combination of Jazz, R&B, and Pop.

Born and raised in Pittsfield, Massachusetts to parents who were a classical piano teacher and choir director/arranger, music of all different genres was introduced to Cusson at an early age. Cusson attended St. Joseph High School and Berkshire Community College. He later studied at Berklee College of Music in Boston where he played with John Mayer, Ryan Leslie, and was chosen to participate in the Singer Showcase, a forum highlighting Berklee’s best vocalists. Cusson has one brother and a sister.

In 2000, Cusson was discovered by one of his biggest musical inspirations, Brian McKnight, who a day after hearing Cusson perform his original music, flew Cusson to his home in Los Angeles to collaborate musically.

In 2004, Matt was chosen as the only male singer to perform with Christina Aguilera on her summer tour “Exposed”. Cusson has also performed on “The Daily Beat” with Allure, “BET Live” with Avant, as well as “Bobby Jones Gospel” and the 2003 U.S. Open Tennis Tour with well-known group Here II Praise meat mallet definition.

In 2009, while on tour with his mentor, Brian McKnight, Matt Cusson was awarded the Maxell Song of the Year and the John Lennon Songwriting Contest Best Jazz Song for his original composition “One of Those Nights”. thermos stainless water bottle, while his single “Every Step” performed in the top three in the R&B category. In that same year, his self-titled album was a pick for top 10 albums of 2009 in the Japanese Magazine BMR. Cusson has shared stages and studios with James Taylor and Livingston Taylor, Stevie Wonder, Stanley Clarke, Babyface, and Bebe Winans. He has performed live on “The View” and “Live with Regis and Kelly” and was one of the 12 people chosen out of hundreds to perform at the historical and highly competitive “Amateur Night at the Apollo Theatre” in New York City, and went on to win the competition three times.

Cusson signed with Spectra Jazz in 2010 to release worldwide his single “One Of Those Nights”. Additionally, Cusson performed as a member of the international “Michael Jackson – “Man in the Mirror” Tribute tour. Soon following, Cusson received a “2011 Song of The Year” nomination from the Oasis Contemporary Jazz Award committee for his composition of “One Of Those Nights”.

Grand Prix-wegrace van Joegoslavië 1979

De Grand Prix-wegrace van Joegoslavië 1979 was zesde race van wereldkampioenschap wegrace in het seizoen 1979. De race werd verreden op 17 juni 1979 op het Automotodrom Grobnik bij Rijeka.

De trainingen in Joegoslavië werden gehinderd door regen. Dat was vooral een probleem voor de Suzuki-coureurs, die volop aan het experimenteren sloegen met frames, voor- en achtervorken. Het gevolg was dat Wil Hartog zijn verlaagde motorfiets niet kon testen en in de race problemen kreeg door te weinig grondspeling. Bovendien reed de 500cc-klasse hier voor het eerst. Een aantal coureurs ging geblesseerd van start: Jon Ekerold met twee gebroken sleutelbeenderen, Ricardo Tormo met een gebroken vinger, Carlos Lavado was nog herstellende van een beenbreuk en Christian Sarron was nog niet fit na een val in de Formule 750 race op Brands Hatch.

Zoals ook in eerdere jaren moesten personen met een Zuid-Afrikaans of Rhodesisch paspoort een visum voor Joegoslavië aanvragen vanwege de apartheidspolitiek. Jon Ekerold had ook nog een Noors paspoort en Kork Ballington een Brits, maar Alan North, Trevor Tilbury en Nobby Clark (beide monteurs van Kenny Roberts) en Kork Ballington’s vrouw Bronwyn kregen geen visum.

Johnny Cecotto was weer voldoende hersteld van zijn knieblessure (opgelopen in april in Oostenrijk), maar Yamaha zette ook Christian Sarron en de Japanner Ikujiro Takaï in om Kenny Roberts te ondersteunen. Roberts had die steun echter helemaal niet nodig. Hij reed naar poleposition, reed de snelste ronde en liep al in het begin van de race ver weg van de concurrentie. Hij had Kel Carruthers als chef-monteur en de Goodyear banden die niemand anders had. Bovendien hadden juist de fabrieksrijders van Suzuki problemen die de privérijders niet kenden: de stuureigenschappen van de Suzuki RG 500’s van Barry Sheene, Virginio Ferrari en Wil Hartog waren onder de maat en Barry Sheene monteerde zijn blok zelfs in een frame uit 1976. Hij viel echter al vroeg in de race uit doordat een steen, opgeworpen door de band van Marco Lucchinelli, precies op de twee schroeven die nog in zijn knie zaten terechtkwam. Wil Hartog gebruikte ook een oud frame, maar experimenteerde met de voor- en achterwielophanging waardoor hij een tekort aan grondspeling had. Hartog werd toch nog vierde, achter Ferrari en Franco Uncini. Hartog had vanaf de zesde startrij weer zijn gebruikelijke snelle start gehad en had even aan de leiding gereden.

Het feit dat Jon Ekerold in Joegoslavië mocht starten met twee gebroken sleutelbeenderen zette vraagtekens bij de medische keuring. Er ontstond een kopgroep van vijf man, waaronder Ekerold, maar al snel wisten de Kawasaki-rijders Gregg Hansford en Kork Ballington zich los te maken. Zij vochten om de leiding tot Hansford door een gebroken drijfstang uitviel. Achter hen vond een flink gevecht plaats tussen Sadao Asami, Jon Ekerold, Christian Estrosi, Patrick Fernandez waterproof camera bag cover, Michel Frutschi, Roland Freymond, Richard Hubin, Toni Mang, Pekka Nurmi en Max Wiener. Nurmi en Asami braken los uit deze groep en Nurmi werd net voor Asami tweede. Ekerold werd bijna vierde, maar viel net voor de finish hard waarbij hij een van de platen in zijn schouder verboog en een been brak.

Morbidelli had eindelijk een goed frame voor Graziano Rossi ontwikkeld en in de 250 cc race wist die daarmee de concurrentie op achterstand te rijden. Gregg Hansford volgde hem aanvankelijk alleen, maar werd bijgehaald door een groep met Kork Ballington where to buy football jerseys, Patrick Fernandez, Toni Mang, Edi Stöllinger, Christian Estrosi en Richard Hubin. Tegen het einde van de race wist Hansford toch weer wat weg te lopen van deze groep, terwijl Ballington problemen kreeg met zijn voorband en Mang met zijn versnellingsbak.

Het scenario van Imola herhaalde zich in Rijeka: Ángel Nieto en Thierry Espié vochten tot de laatste meters om de winst. In de laatste ronde reed Espié nog aan de leiding, maar Nieto passeerde hem als slipstreamend en won nipt. De vraag was wel of Nieto echt moeite had om te winnen of dat hij minder hard reed dan hij zou kunnen om er een show van te maken.

Ricardo Tormo had nog geen punten gescoord en in Joegoslavië leek het weer fout te gaan toen hij al in de eerste ronde viel door een fout van een andere rijder. Hij had al ruim een ronde achterstand toen hij de race kon hervatten, maar hij werd toch nog vijfde. Eugenio Lazzarini startte slecht free water bottle by mail, maar won alsnog, nadat koploper Stefan Dörflinger gevallen was. Peter Looijesteijn volgde Lazzarini nog een tijdje, maar viel ook.

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The Peel Centre, Stockport

The Peel Centre is a retail park located in Stockport, Greater Manchester. It currently contains nineteen units, with fourteen currently occupied It is owned and operated by the Peel Land and Property Division of The Peel Group. It currently extends to 230,000&nbsp stainless steel bottle water;sq ft (21,000 m2), with units varying in size. It is located within close proximity to the town centre shopping areas, including the Merseyway Shopping Centre, with which it competes for similar tenants.

The site on which the park stands has had a variety of different usages over time, it previously had industry and housing. It then contained a power station and gas works, and then had a variety of industrial usages, it was only developed in its current form from the late 1980s onwards. It was constructed in phases with the latter phases being those at the eastern side.

The M60 motorway is adjacent to the centre, and junction 27 (Portwood Roundabout) is located at the eastern corner of the centre, this makes it accessible to a large catchment population in the Greater Manchester Urban Area how do u tenderize steak, and as it competes actively with nearby shopping parks (e.g. Snipe Retail Park glass and rubber water bottle, Ashton-under-Lyne) football shirt customizer, succeeding in attracting large numbers of shoppers every year.

There is extensive car parking at the centre, it is mainly pay and display, and is close to the town’s major supermarkets.

Immediately adjacent to The Peel Centre, across the road is a smaller development, Portwood Court, complementing the centre.

In 2003, IKEA announced plans to open a store on the other side of the Portwood Roundabout and M60, but were denied planning permission, and after numerous appeals they were finally turned down in 2005 by the then Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott. The first IKEA store in Greater Manchester opened in 2006, in neighbouring Ashton-under-Lyne.

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